Collage is the act
of appropriating existing messages to make new ones. Literally
anything can be considered collage fodder: in the visual realm
this usually means photographs and printed material, bits of
which are selected and blended together on a new canvas to produce
a new picture or interpretation.
In the worlds of audio
and video, collage is much more difficult to make: the source
material isn't static and neither is the final product. The issue
of copyright is also much more likely to come into play when
making collages from popular music, film, television programs
act of appropriation is not theft. It is a
legitimate and established artistic technique to further
the interpretation of existing works. This is because a work
of collage is more than a sum of its parts. See
this excellent synopsis of the Fair Use concept for further
Audio and video collage
have been experimented with for decades, but until the desktop
computer and A/V editing software came along it wasn't a widespread
phenomenon. Only since the 1990s have computers and software
become cheap and easy enough to use that, today, anyone can
become a collage artist.
Featured Collage Galleries
Other Collage Online
Fair(y) Use Tale
Bucknell University professor Eric Faden assembles a "humorous, yet informative" video
presentation that reviews "copyright principles...through the words of the
very folks we can thank for nearly endless copyright terms." (2007)
Finally, someone's figured out a good use for that infernal "instrument."
Raps (Re)Mix Contest
Another collection of anti-GWB collage.
Mindblowing video collage aired weekly on NYC public access.
The Droplift Project
Surreptitiously spreading audio collage through record stores!
Speech For Sale
Audio collage album completely derived from advertising fodder.
28 Seconds Later
A collaborative collage-project to celebrate the month of February. (2009)
Traveling exhibit of appropriated collage material using corporate source images,
audio and video; a project of Stay Free! magazine.
Home of the American Crusade series of trading cards and other jam galleries.
(Network Auralization for Gnutella)
Exhibition dynamically extracts audio being shared on the Gnutella network to
make a shared montage/collage.
An archive of "filecasts" of found sound that's available for further
A "collaborative documentary project to create a feature film about copyright
in the digital age."
Streaming transmissions of appropriated mix action featuring members of the Snuggles
Gnus Of The World
A wonderfully creative (and overdue) project - remixing NPR. Check the extensive
Blog and podcast of the syndicated collage program.
YouTube Channel features tons of fodder involving political/commercial remix-action
from a variety of sources.
"Kutiman mixes Youtube"; amateur musicians are assembled into virtual
video-orchestras in mashup-fashion. (2009)
Music from video games old and new, remixed to hell and back.
"[A] participatory radio remix project that reflects on the 2008 US Presidential
Election through the Voice of America Radio Network."
Massive mashup album blends Wu-Tang Clan and Fugazi with aplomb.
For More on Collage, Remix Culture,
and Intellectual Property
Home to the magazine that ponders our mental environment; home to a Culture Jammer's
Gallery and lots more information on the practice of jamming.
history of subversive remix video before YouTube: Thirty political
video mashups made between World War II and 2005
An interesting research paper on remix culture in the pre-digital media era.
Jamming the encroachment of advertising outdoors.
for Social Media: Fair Use & Copyright
A good place for a primer on copyright law and how to stay within (and hopefully)
stretch its creative boundaries.
A blog about finding "all kinds of information about collage" of multiple/mixed
Blog of legal and regulatory news about intellectual property and innovation.
A groundbreaking documentary on the art, science, and legality of sampling.
DJ Spooky That Subliminal
Kid - Remix Culture
Lecture at the University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill on the "future
and meaning of remix culture." (2/8/08)
A media collective all about exploring and expanding the fringes of appropriation
for the purposes of creativity.
Criminals: This is a Sampling Sport
Documentary video features artists and academics parsing the line between art
and theft. (2006)
for Collage Artists
Funnystrange.com argues that fair use is no defense.
Primer - So What ... About Copyright
Public Knowledge's Empowering Creators Project dishes up
a helpful primer into the ins and outs of copyright law for artists.
A gallery, a village, a library, a studio, a news service meshing fine
art with pop culture.
Festival of Appropriation
Annual Minneapolis multimedia extravaganza made completely of collage works.
Good Copy Bad Copy
"A documentary about the current state of
copyright and culture." (2007)
Home to Freedom of Expression®.
Foundation - Remix Culture
A pretty comprehensive wiki-style site on what remix culture is, and where to
find out more about it.
"To promote public understanding of the history and effects of copyright,
and to encourage the development of alternatives to information monopolies."
American University's School of Communication studies the use of fair use, now
and in the future - and how it appears to be being resuscitated online. (December
the Digital Remix: Mash-ups and the Metaphysics of Sound Recording
Is remix culture really all that original? (2008)
Corporate parent to the Deconstructing Beck compilation, among many other
well-executed culture jamming projects.
Snuggles Online Collective
Virtual correspondence-HQ for audio collage artists from around the world.
from the Public Domain: BOUND BY LAW? - An excellent comic
from the Duke Center for the Study of the Public Domain explains
the dangers of intellectual property rights fundamentalism.
An Electronic Frontier Foundation-authored K-12 curriculum guide to teaching
the truth about digital rights.
Live Cinema Unraveled
Limited-edition book delves into the video remix culture.